According to authorities, the Iranian nuclear negotiations are ongoing. The latest installment is due to take place in late August.
Meanwhile, Iran is also mulling over building another nuclear power plant with Russia. An agreement between them is being negotiated at the moment. The agreement is to be finalized by the end of the current year. On top of this, Iran is also constructing a new plant in eastern Syria at an estimated cost of $4 billion dollars. It is certain that the transfer of nuclear technology to Syria is mainly directed at preventing the creation of an independent nuclear weapon.
Iran’s power plants have been running on Russian fuel since 2011. This is the only source of fuel that has been successfully producing nuclear power for the nuclear electricity plants in Iran.
Tehran continues to provide power through five nuclear plants, one of which is a 300 MW operating plant.
Power plants started in Iran
On 30 November 1957, in a very rare instance, all six members of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) at the time (US, Britain, France, Russia, the Soviet Union and China) came to an agreement to establish a Central Non-Proliferation Agency (CNA).
The NPT aims to reduce tension. It is designed to limit the spread of nuclear weapons. In addition, this agreement aims to restrict the use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear countries and encourages them to produce nuclear power. It also requires that countries having nuclear weapons under the NPT do not transfer them to states with nuclear weapons.
On 17 July 1968, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) came into force. NPT entered into force and Iran joined in September 1973.
Iran wants to join the NPT
Iran is officially the 19th state to join the NPT. The United States has not ratified it. More than 160 other countries have ratified it.
Many countries find that the NPT has serious deficiencies, such as lack of transparency in the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes and a denial of the right of inspection. And many other countries find that the treaty is neither meaningful nor legally binding.
Only the six original NPT members are allowed to participate in NPT negotiations: China, the United States, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea. Since 1968, after establishing their nuclear weapons programs, all have not joined the NPT or joined other non-proliferation treaties. In 1974, India unilaterally destroyed the first nuclear bomb. Some experts believe that even after the years of nuclear tests that North Korea conducted in 2006, 2009 and 2012, its atom bombs are still non-workable and still store in their secret laboratories.
In 2003, Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani proposed the establishment of a Nuclear Club. He proposed to create an international club so that such unsecured enrichment facilities would be monitored and controlled by international inspectors in addition to provisions for providing nuclear technologies to countries in compliance with the terms of the NPT.
In 2008, the decision was taken to establish the High Representative of the UN Secretary General on Non-Proliferation Affairs to head the High Representative’s role and the activities related to the NPT. The subsequent decision was to appoint the High Representative as being “independent from and accountable to the General Assembly of the United Nations and a direct representative of the Secretary General”.